Today, sugar is one of the most important staple foods of mankind. It is also of enormous economic importance:
Sugar is produced in 127 countries. Sugar cane and sugar beets are cultivated on an area of approx. 25 mio hectares worldwide with a sugar production of approx. 120 mio tons. Cane sugar accounts for the major part (2/3) of the sugar produced compared to beet sugar.
The largest sugar-producing countries are:
India (> 12 Mio t), former USSR, Cuba, Brasil, USA, China, France, Australia, Thailand, Mexico, Germany (4 Mio t),
Turkey, Italy, and Poland (2 Mio t).
In Germany the per-capita consumption is approx. 35 kg per year.